Umayyad Caliphate Era

Announcement Date: 19 December، 2016

Arabic Calligraphy has been significantly developed in Umayyad Era, when the calligraphers and calligraphy profession started to appear although the Arabic letters were free of dotting. Many calligraphers have been known including the famous calligrapher, Qutba Al Muhrar who invented new style which could be considered as a combination of Hijazi and Kufi styles called Jalil style. It used on the handwritings placed on the doors and domes of mosques.

Qutba Al Muhrar didn’t invent Jalil style only, but he also invented and mastered other styles such as Tomar, smaller than the later one. He was the first one who invented Thuluth and Thuluthyn styles as well.

In Umayyad Era, calligraphers were handwriting different calligraphies to decorate the palaces, mosques, hostelries. They used such styles to handwrite the registers and books of the state, so they had been highly appreciated by princesses and chaliphs. Domes, mosques, minarets, and palaces decorated with calligraphies. After more than fourteen centuries, we can see this clearly in Umayyad Mosque (known also with Great Mosque of Damascus), and in the dome and mihrab of Aqsa Mosque etc..

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